Tunisian Revolutionary Doctors Find Middle East Peace Pipe Much Less Detrimental to Lungs than Cigarettes

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Most of the negative results are summarised in the table comparing the plethysmographic profiles of both the Middle East Peace Pipe and cigarette smokers. For the non-specialists: please note that the represented values reflecting the lung function are those “lower than the lower-limit-of-normal” or “higher than the upper-lower-of-normal”.

Most of the negative results are summarised in the table comparing the plethysmographic profiles of both the Middle East Peace Pipe and cigarette smokers. For the non-specialists: please note that the represented values reflecting the lung function are those “lower than the lower-limit-of-normal” or “higher than the upper-lower-of-normal”.

In spite of widely prevalent censorship and editorial pressures of all sorts in that tobacco-related field of research and strong self-censorship -leading independent authors to downplay scientific results (i.e. negative results) viewed as not “politically-correct” and also refrain from citing blacklisted scientists (i.e. independent scientists)….

Against the backdrop of such a gloomy context, lung specialists from Tunisia have recently found that the use and misuse of the Middle East Peace Pipe (Hookah, Shisha, Narghile)[««waterpipe»» is its war code] is much less detrimental to lungs than cigarettes [1].

This is not the first time such results appear in the literature although we felt that it deserved a mention in view of the totalitarian context in which US, US-Syrian and US-Lebanese teams have been trying, for one decade now, to impose their pseudoscientific diktats to the whole world (institutionalisation of pseudoscience)[2]. Please refer to the pseudoscientific literature advertised by such totalitarian organisations as the “Centers for Disease Control” (US) and other so-called “cancer societies” of the world.

Facts, as everybody knows, are “stubborn” things… Here they are also noteworthy because the researchers are Tunisians and their country world renowned now for having recently experienced an original rebellion against local authoritarianism. In these conditions, the pro-Empire’s version of the ““Arab Spring” and Public Health” sold by the teams from the US-Syrian “Research” centre in Aleppo and the US-American University of Beirut [2-4], is definitely not the one the revolting peoples of the world are endorsing… Power to the People!

 Abstract of the revolutionary study from Tunisia [1]:

Background : Studies of the lung function profiles of exclusive narghile smokers (ENS) are few, have some methodological limits, and present contradictory conclusions. The present study aimed to compare the plethysmographic profiles of ENS with age- and height-matched exclusive cigarette smokers (ECS).

Methods : Males aged 35-60 living in Sousse, Tunisia, who have been smoking narghile exclusively for more than 10 narghile-years (n = 36) or cigarettes exclusively for more than 10 pack-years (n = 106) were recruited to participate in this case-control study. The anthropometric and plethysmographic data were measured according to international recommendations using a body plethysmograph (ZAN 500 Body II, Meβgreräte GmbH, Germany). Large-airway-obstructive-ventilatory-defect (LAOVD) was defined as: first second forced expiratory volume/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) below the lower-limit-of-normal (LLN). Restrictive-ventilatory-defect (RVD) was defined as total lung capacity < LLN. Lung hyperinflation was defined as residual volume > upper-limit-of-normal. Student t-test and χ(2) test were used to compare plethysmographic data and profiles of the two groups.

Results : The subjects in the ENS and ECS groups are well matched in age (45±7 vs. 47±5 years) and height (1.73±0.06 vs. 1.72±0.06 m) and used similar quantities of tobacco (36±22 narghile-years vs. 35±19 pack-years). Compared to the ENS group, the ECS group had significantly lower FEV1 (84±12 vs. 60±21%), FVC (90±12 vs. 76±18%), and FEV1/FVC (99±7 vs. 83±17%). The two groups had similar percentages of RVD (31 vs. 36%), while the ECS group had a significantly higher percentage of LAOVD (8 vs. 58%) and lung hyperinflation (36 vs.57%).

Conclusion : Chronic exclusive narghile smoking has less adverse effects on pulmonary function tests than chronic exclusive cigarette smoking.

____

References:

[1] Saad HB, Khemiss M, Nhari S, Essghaier MB, Rouatbi S. Pulmonary functions of narghile smokers compared to cigarette smokers: a case-control study. Libyan J Med. 2013 Dec 30;8:22650. doi: 10.3402/ljm.v8i0.22650.

http://www.libyanjournalofmedicine.net/index.php/ljm/article/view/22650

[2] Nakkash R, Afifi R, Maziak W. Research and activism for tobacco control in the Arab world. Lancet 2014 (1 Feb); 383 (9915):392 – 393. Doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62381-8. Online 20 Jan 2014

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2962381-8/fulltext

[3] Polio False-Flag in Syria: “Opposition” Scholars at War against both the Syrian Government and the Middle East Peace Pipe (The Lancet). 10 Feb 2014

https://hookahhealth.wordpress.com/2014/02/10/polio-false-flag-in-syria-opposition-scholars-at-war-against-both-the-syrian-government-and-the-middle-east-peace-pipe-the-lancet/

[4] Open Letter to Wasim Maziak, Syrian Political Opponent and Head of the US-Syrian «Research» Centre in Aleppo (US-SCTS) [Lettre ouverte à Wasim Maziak, opposant politique syrien et directeur du centre « de recherche » USA-Syrie à Alep (US-SCTS)]. Tunisie-Secret, 7 Sep 2013

(In Englishl) https://hookahhealth.wordpress.com/2013/09/09/open-letter-to-wasim-maziak-syrian-political-opponent-and-head-of-the-us-syrian-research-centre-in-aleppo-us-scts/

(In French: original) http://www.tunisie-secret.com/Lettre-ouverte-a-Wasim-Maziak-opposant-politique-syrien-et-directeur-du-centre-de-recherche-USA-Syrie-a-Alep-US-SCTS_a592.html

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